研究:美國核電廠難抵911類型恐攻

作者: 楊明娟 | 中央廣播電台 – 2013年8月16日 上午9:32

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研究:美國核電廠難抵911類型恐攻 – Yahoo!奇摩新聞

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var t_art_head = new Date().getTime();研究:美國核電廠難抵911類型恐攻作者: 楊明娟 | 中央廣播電台 – 2013年8月16日 上午9:32

美國德州大學奧斯汀分校(The University of Texas at Austin)15日公布的研究報告指出,美國所有的核能電廠對安全威脅的防護不足,包括廠內炸彈級核能物質可能遭竊,並製成武器用來攻擊核電廠,造成反應爐熔毀。

德州大學奧斯汀分校「核子不擴散研究」(Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Project ,NPPP)的報告指出,美國境內104個已經商轉核子反應爐以及3個研究用核子反應爐,沒有一個能夠抵抗類似911的恐怖攻擊型態,即一些人劫持飛機撞毀目標。

這份名為「保護美國核子設施免受恐怖攻擊」(Protecting U.S. Nuclear Facilities from Terrorist Attack)的報告指出,美國核子管理委員會(The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission,NRC)只規範了如何防範由5或6人發動的攻擊,但卻沒有規範如何防止強力狙擊槍或火箭推進榴彈的攻擊。

報告中指出,3個核子反應爐中,距離白宮39公里的馬里蘭蓋瑟堡(Gaithersburg)反應爐,是利用高濃縮鈾運作,一旦遭竊就可以用來製造核子武器。

對於安全引發憂慮,這些核能電廠都表示,在不增加經費的情況下,他們已經竭盡所能提升安全,防範恐怖攻擊現在應該是政府的責任。

這份報告的共同作者古柏曼(Alan Kuperman)說,在911事件後,美國政府對核能電廠的安全防範有些進步,當時只規範發生3人攻擊的相關事務。而最近美國國務院和能源部也採取行動,保護可以被用來製造核子武器的物質。

古柏曼表示,這些都是好的進展,但並未切中他們所關切的問題,因為攻擊不只可能來自電廠內部,包括核廢料池的污水排放,都可能導致反應爐熔解或有毒幅射物外洩。

……..文章來源:按這裡


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